I would like to talk to you about periodontal disease, so wrongly called gum disease because not only can affect these.
As periodontal disease we define those pathologies of the tissues surrounding the teeth like the gums, or alveolar bone where the teeth are inserted.
Broadly speaking, we divide it into two: gingivitis and periodontitis.
We called gingivitis the one that affects only the gums and its symptoms usually begin with swelling, redness and bleeding. Gingivitis can be divided into several types, such as gingivitis of pregnancy, Guna, etc.
The best way to differentiate and treat them, of course, is to go to the dentist for a diagnosis and a cure.
If not treated, is common to advance and become the second type of periodontal disease called periodontitis. Here, not only get affected the gums, but also other tissues are altered as the alveolar bone or the periodontal ligament which attaches the tooth to the bone, etc. Symptoms include, besides those indicated above for gingivitis, mobility of the teeth, the feeling that these are longer than before, etc.
It is the leading cause of tooth loss today, ahead of cavities, but now we have more and more ways to prevent this from happening.
Today there are several drugs incorporated into toothpastes and mouthwashes that help in the treatment, prevention and maintenance of these patients, but should not be used without first consulting your dentist due to the fact that they can mask the symptoms, and the disease remains because they are not able to stop it, or cure it for themselves.
This type of disease in most cases are given by improper oral hygiene, so it is important that in addition to the treatment your dentist gives you, it is given a regular control by the dental hygienist so that the patients change their habits and get a good hygiene.
From DentalBio Clinic we advise you that if you have any doubt, you call on your trusted dentist and of course we are at your disposal to advise you, diagnose or treat any kind of periodontal disease.
Dr. Vicente Alepuz